Peer-review at JMIR journals means that we invite external people (external from the editor or editorial board) to write their opinion about the submission and to provide suggestions for improvements. The peer-reviewers are usually academics and preferably experts in the field (for example, have published similar papers), but we also encourage lay reviewers (reviewers should disclose their skills and limitations in the peer-review form).
Usually, all articles in JMIR Publications are peer-reviewed, with rare exceptions for editorials, letters, or commentaries.
Peer-reviewers are named at the end of each article.
Thus, whether or not an article has been peer-reviewed can be easily determined by scrolling to the footer of the article, which shows the names of the reviewers or alternatively the statement "This is a non-peer-reviewed article" in the (rare) cases of unreviewed editorials or corrigenda: